What You Should Know About Disability Insurance

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What You Should Know About Disability Insurance
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Workplace Benefits

What You Should Know About Disability Insurance

2 min read December 24, 2020

After Erin Kerr, an elementary school teacher in Bend, Oregon, dislocated her shoulder on a weekend mountain bike ride, she assumed she’d be back to work the following Monday. But a visit with her doctor confirmed otherwise.

Kerr’s shoulder injury required surgery, and the preparation and recovery would keep her out of the classroom through the end of the school year.

Thankfully, the mother of two had signed up for short-term disability insurance. “I thought it would be a good idea a couple years ago—then I just kept renewing it,” she says. That coverage ended up helping to pay for several thousand dollars in medical bills while she was out of work.

Disability insurance can help replace your income if you’re unable to work due to a non-work-related injury or illness. For various reasons, it’s often overlooked—young people especially don’t expect health problems will prevent them from working. Yet, regardless of your age, disability insurance can prevent an accident or ailment from becoming a financial catastrophe.

What is disability insurance?

You can think of it as insurance for your paycheck. There are two types of plans: Short term disability typically covers illnesses or injury lasting less than six months. Long-term disability provides coverage for the duration of the disability, sometimes until retirement.

Some policies may even cover between 45-65 percent of your pre-disability earnings, a report from the nonprofit LIFE Foundation explains.

What’s considered a disability varies. Some policies pay out only in the case of an accident, while others pay out if you’re unable to perform your job for any health-related reason. For example, you could use your coverage to deal with a mental health crisis or provide some much-needed income during maternity leave.

If your employer does offer paid maternity leave, you could also use disability insurance to supplement what you receive. For instance, if you receive three months of leave after the birth of a child, but only six weeks of that leave is paid, short-term disability insurance could help fill the gap.

Determine what you need

In Erin’s case described earlier, her sick leave paid for most of her time out of the classroom, but her disability coverage helped pay for the avalanche of medical bills that followed her injury. “I had a high-deductible insurance plan, so it was incredibly helpful,” she says.

Erin obtained her disability insurance via her employer. You can also purchase individual policies if your employer doesn’t offer such a benefit or to supplement an employer-sponsored policy. If you’re self-employed, disability insurance can be especially crucial in providing an income source in the event you can’t work. Most experts recommend a policy that replaces 60-80 percent of your after-tax, monthly income, though the right amount of coverage depends on your individual circumstances.

Erin recovered from her accident, is back to teaching, and riding her bike. She now pays close attention to how much disability insurance she carries and plans on buying a bit more just in case.

Nothing in these materials is intended to be advice for a particular situation or individual. These materials are for general information purposes only.